The first thing a novice should know about investing and trading, is that trading should be a part of your whole investment strategy. Depending on your individual circumstances, you could have all your capital in shares, currencies, CFD's etc. or less than %20, it all depends on your individual outlook.
This also means that when you start trading something like shares, you should know whether you classify yourself as a day trader (someone who trades frequently and tries to time market conditions for maximum profit) or an investor (someone who trades the market less frequently and holds more long term). An excellent resource that I used at the beginning of my investing journey was this book: "The Intelligent Investor by Benjamin Graham"
It's available free in audiobook form on YouTube:
I highly recommend listening to the entire reading and the more detailed book, touted by Warren Buffet himself as "The best book on investing ever written". Both give an invaluable insight into how one can potentially beat the market by simple investing techniques such as Dollar Cost Averaging, Margins of Safety and Portfolio Diversification.
Next post we'll look at two strategies one could use to trade worthwhile stocks: Fundamental/Value Investing and Technical Analysis.